Our Research

Muse is a powerful, compact electroencephalography (EEG) system. By leveraging improvements in dry sensor technology, bluetooth and battery life, as well as significant advances in digital signal processing, Muse makes it easy to access and use brainwave data, inside and outside the laboratory and in real world environments.

The accompanying Muse app, one of several apps available for use with Muse on smartphone or tablet, uses real-time brainwave information to measure states of focus, relaxation, and mind-wandering. It delivers information through audio feedback to help users improve their ability to maintain focus, as part of a meditation practice or cognitive training program. (Research tools also are available on Windows.)

Muse is used by brain researchers at some of the world’s top research institutes. As a powerful research tool, Muse adds new versatility to brain research, allowing rapid EEG data collection from many more participants than previously achievable. In a study conducted by the Rotman Research Institute, more than 600 participants shared their brain data with neuroscientists in a 12-hour period, while researchers at McMaster University have reported on the dynamics of brain age in EEG data using more than 6000 participants.

Below are just some examples of recent and ongoing research projects with Muse.

Attentional and Affective Consequences of Technology Supported Mindfulness: a Randomised Trial

Dr. Norman Farb’s laboratory at the University of Toronto showed that six weeks’ regular use of Muse in healthy adults resulted in improvements in attention, as well as reduced somatic symptoms (headaches, pain, discomfort, etc.) on the Brief Symptom Inventory.

Read the Paper in BMC Psychology

Characterizing Population EEG Dynamics throughout Adulthood

A study by researchers at McMaster University involving more than 6000 participants found population-level effects in brain data related to age and gender, giving scientists unparalleled resolution into how EEG brain dynamics change with age.

Read the Paper in eNeuro

Novel Speed-of-Learning Effects Detected in Neurofeedback

A study by Dr. Randy McIntosh’s lab at the Rotman Research Institute demonstrated previously unreported speed-of-learning effects in MyVirtualDream, a virtual neurofeedback environment powered by Muse. This effect, being subtle, was detectable only using a technology capable of testing a very large number of people (600) in a short time (twelve hours).

Read the Paper in PLOS One

Neuroscientists Study Meditation-Related Changes in Brain Performance

Neuroscientists at the University of Victoria and the University of British Columbia use Muse in their field work in Nepal to study the brains of Buddhist monks, who are highly expert meditators, to better understand how training affects the way the brain makes decisions.

Watch the video

Identifying Pain with an Adaptive Brainwave Learning System

Researchers at MIT and Harvard used machine learning to detect and distinguish signals associated with pain when participants wore Muse.

See paper 1 | See paper 2

Using Muse to Measure Event-Related Potentials Outside the Lab.

At the University of Victoria, in Canada, scientists are using Muse to measure event-related potentials (ERPs) in cognitive tasks. This research is also being applied to measure changes in decision making in response to fatigue – in ER doctors in the Emergency Room.

Read the paper in Frontiers in Neuroscience

See the project | Watch the video

Identifying Mental States with Machine Learning

Researchers at the University of Memphis and IBM Watson Research Center found that by using machine learning to analyse brainwave signals from Muse, while participants watched different videos, they could determine what type of content (emotional or educational) each participant was seeing.

Read the preprint on ArXiv

Vigilance Lapse Identification With Muse

Researchers from McMaster University used EEG machine learning tools to detect lapses in vigilance (sustained attention) state of participants wearing Muse.

Read the paper on IEEE Xplore

Integration of Muse with Virtual Reality

Students, scientists, and makers from around the world use Muse to create engaging and immersive experiences. One great example is PsychicVR, a virtual reality experience powered by Muse, that was created by Judith Amores Fernandez, Pattie Maes, and Xavier Benavides Palos, which won a Fast Company Innovation By Design award.

Muse Tools for Researchers

Muse Research Tool Kit

The Muse Research Tools include all the software tools necessary for scientists, designers, makers and students to get started with Muse. Visualize raw data, record it, connect, relay, and convert EEG and head motion data from the Muse headset.

Explore our tools

Developer Website


Muse Researcher Forum

The Muse Researcher Forum is a quick and convenient way to look for answers to technical questions about Muse, get help, and connect with other researchers.

Explore our forum

Research Resource Identifier (RRID)

If you’re publishing research papers with Muse, make them more easily identifiable to other scientists through the Research Resource Identifier (RRID) initiative. Don’t forget to insert Muse’s unique identifier in your paper’s methods section when you first mention Muse, like this: Muse (SCR_014418).

Learn more

Developer Website

Teaching with Muse & EEG 101

Muse can help illustrate concepts in neuroscience, cognitive psychology, and EEG with the help of interactive, real-time demonstrations showing live brainwaves as well as how those signals are processed and interpreted. EEG 101 is a free app for Android devices. Connect your Muse and teach yourself, your students, and your friends.

Download the free EEG 101 app from the Google Play Store.

Muse Professionals Program

Researchers using Muse can access the same professional tools as clinicians through the Muse Professionals Program.

Research Inquiries

For questions or help using Muse in your research or education program, contact research@interaxon.ca.