How Meditation Increases Emotional Intelligence & Leadership Potential

There’s a big difference between being a leader, and a great leader, one that leaves behind a legacy and inspires millions of people. Think about it – we can all easily name off a list of CEOs, Presidents and Prime Ministers, but if asked to name a leader that has inspired an entire generation, we tend to think of only a handful of people, such as the Dalai Lama or Nelson Mandela. We may also think of leaders closer to home, such as Barack Obama or Sheryl Sandberg.

So, what makes them such effective leaders?

After all, it only takes a quick glance at leadership in government, corporations, and within the media to know that it is not enough to just be intelligent, powerful or charismatic in order to be called an inspiring leader, or earn the same level of respect as the group mentioned above.

The difference comes down to one common thread that exists between all inspiring leaders: a high level of emotional intelligence or EI/EQ.

Fortunately, EI is a set of skills that can be developed and cultivated over time with practice – read on to learn more! 

emotional intelligence, what is emotional intelligence


What is Emotional Intelligence?

Emotional Intelligence is the capacity to recognize our own feelings and those of others and to manage emotions effectively in ourselves and our relationships. (1) A key characteristic involves the ability to adjust emotions and adapt quickly to a different environment or for a specific goal.

A common misconception is that emotional intelligence refers to being sensitive, or having a high level of empathy. You can have both of those traits, yet not be emotionally intelligent if you are not self-aware of your emotions or know how to manage them.

According to Dr. Daniel Goleman, a world-renowned psychologist, author and Emotional Intelligence coach, there are four competencies of emotional intelligence that are required for effective leadership: (1)

  1. Self-awareness
  2. Self-management (self-control, adaptability, positive outlook, achievement orientation)
  3. Social awareness (empathy, organizational awareness)
  4. Relationship management (mentor, influencer, inspirational leadership, conflict management, teamwork)

Adding to the above list of key components of a high EQ, there are several red flags that can offer insight on an individuals lack of EQ.

Interested in measuring your own baseline emotional intelligence? There are a lot of online EI tests you can take as well, like this one found on the popular site Psychology Today.

emotional intelligence, what is emotional intelligence

How To Increase Emotional Intelligence With Meditation

Just as a professional athlete needs to train their bodies for strength, effective leaders need to train their mind for strength as well – and meditation and a consistent mindfulness practice are the most powerful tools to help achieve this.

While meditation alone will not create a well of emotional intelligence, it will simultaneously strengthen the mind across all four emotional intelligence competencies mentioned above, which enables emotional intelligence and effective leadership to take place.

How is meditation able to do this?

Meditation is not just spiritual fluff – this exercise physically changes the structure of the brain, builds new neural pathways and can weaken others. In particular, research has shown that meditation can strengthen the following areas related to emotional intelligence:

Emotional Self-control

Meditation helps to control our immediate reactions. For example, it weakens neural connections to the fear centre of the brain – the amygdala – where primal reactions such as fear and anger are triggered. In contrast, it also strengthens the neural connection to the assessment centre of the brain – the prefrontal cortex – where rational thought and logic reside. (2)

Strengthening these connections allows for more thoughtful responses as a leader and an overall calmer demeanour.


Being able to understand how others feel and tune into their emotional state, helps us become more effective communicators, and therefore more effective leaders.

Research shows that the connection between the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex – the ‘me centre’ of the brain that references back to personal perspective and also infers other people’s state of mind – and the insula – involved in ‘gut-level’ feelings – becomes stronger after meditation. This strengthened connection enhances our capacity to understand where another person is coming from, and put ourselves in their shoes. (2)

emotional intelligence, what is emotional intelligence

Self Awareness

Meditation encourages greater ‘gut level’ intuition, which is governed by the insula region of the brain. The role of the insula is to monitor bodily sensations and assesses whether they are benign or harmful, and a strengthened insula will be better able to pick up on bodily cues from the muscles, skin, ears and eyes, if something doesn’t feel right. (2)

Together, a strengthened insula and prefrontal cortex (where logic and rational thought reside) help develop the ability to pause, reflect and evaluate how we think and feel on a daily basis.

This greater self-awareness can, therefore, help guide leaders when it comes to making hard decisions.

Conflict Management

Effectively navigating a conflict requires the ability to find common ground and understand different perspectives. This is made possible when we approach a conflict with a mindful approach.

As shown above, meditation enables this mindful approach by improving emotional self-control, self-awareness and empathy. It helps us develop the ability to acknowledge that we have our own biases, emotions and sense of distorted perspective. This opens the door to ownership and acceptance of responsibility.

Once we are aware of our emotions and bias, we can prevent them from affecting our decisions or actions, all while being more sensitive to a different point of view. You can read more on how to use mindfulness to improve conflict here. 

How To Get Started With Meditation

If you are a beginner to meditation, start with focused meditation. This calls for an object to be the center of your focus, driving all other thoughts away.

To get in the habit, try guided meditation sessions with an app like Muse; this will make the process easier and more enjoyable. The Muse app also pairs with a brain sensing headband that will translate your brainwaves into the sounds of weather, allowing you to understand when your thoughts have wandered.  The combination of the Muse app and Muse headband help you keep track of your progress, and provide valuable insights for building a consistent practice.

Start with three minutes per day, and then build up to longer sessions if you want. Make it a consistent habit and you should notice a shift within just a few weeks.

Related Articles:


  1. Media, K. and WooCommerce, B. (2018). Emotional and Social Intelligence Leadership Competencies: An Overview. [online] Key Step Media. Available at: https://www.keystepmedia.com/emotional-social-intelligence-leadership-competencies/  [Accessed 21 May 2018].
  2. Gladding, R. (2013). This is your brain on meditation. [online] Psychology Today. Available at: https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/use-your-mind-change-your-brain/201305/is-your-brain-meditation  [Accessed 21 May. 2018].

What’s The Best Meditation App For You?

Interested in meditation but don’t know where to start? All you might need is the right meditation tool to get going.

To some, the idea of using technology to find serenity seems insane. After all, the constant need to be connected to technology can often be the root cause of stress, anxiety, and feeling overwhelmed.

However, the statistics tell a different story. In 2015 the meditation and mindfulness industry earned almost $1 billion, with millions of meditation app downloads worldwide. (1)

With so many options available, how do you know what meditation tool is right for you?

best meditation app, subscription cost headspace, refund headspace, pricing headspace

Here’s the quick breakdown if you don’t have time to read the whole article:

  • If you’re new to meditation and looking to learn the basics, the Headspace app is for you.
  • If you’re looking for more than just meditation and would enjoy relaxing bedtime stories and background music as well, the Calm app is for you.
  • If you’re a beginner or intermediate looking to quickly develop meditation as a habit and are serious about training your mind for less stress and anxiety, the Muse headband and app is for you. The Muse app includes free guided meditation, background sounds, and real-time feedback if used with the Muse headband.  

But before we get into comparing each brand, we wanted to quickly touch on the question many have: Are technology and meditation compatible?

Why Using Technology to Meditate Isn’t Counterintuitive

The problem we face with technology is not the tool itself, but the apps we use and their impact on human behaviour. For example, many social media apps encourage addictive behaviours, such as mindless scrolling and clicking.

In contrast, technology can also be used in a constructive manner to promote positive behaviour. For example, meditation apps encourage sitting still, quieting the mind and deep breathing. The meditation sessions themselves don’t require actual screen time; just hitting the play button and listening to audio, similar to a CD player.

The Benefits of Meditation

Meditation is not just spiritual fluff or soul food – it works at a physiological level to change the structure of the brain. For example, it strengthens the neural connections related to logic and rational assessment and weakens the neural connections related to fear and anger. This results in greater self-awareness, emotional control, and puts space between our immediate judgments and responses. (2)

Fortunately, thousands of clinical studies have been conducted to date that verify meditation’s benefits. Research shows that meditation can improve: (3) (4)

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Insomnia
  • Chronic pain
  • Blood pressure
  • Memory
  • Focus

With benefits like that, it’s no wonder we’re seeing a huge shift in interest.

So how do meditation apps help? Read on…

best meditation app, subscription cost headspace, refund headspace, pricing headspace

How Meditation Apps & Tools Help: The Brain Workout

Let’s face the elephant in the room: meditation is difficult.

As technology has progressed and the pace of life has gotten faster, our minds have become wired to respond to instant gratification, constant achievement, and crossing off to-do lists. We no longer know how to sit still and do nothing. In fact, just the thought of doing nothing can trigger feelings of being overwhelmed, boredom, or anxiety for a lot of people.

This is where apps and meditation tools come in.

Meditation apps serve as a tool to help cross the bridge from doing to being. Specifically, meditation apps help in these three main ways:

    1. Structure: Most of us don’t know what to do with our wandering minds, but apps provide the motivation, guidance and structure that’s needed to get started.
    2. Habit formation. The key to an effective meditation practice lies in consistency, by incorporating it into your daily routine. Meditation apps encourage habit formation with scheduled reminders and progress tracking.
    3. Convenience. It can be difficult to find the time or energy to go to a meditation class, but meditation apps make it simple. You don’t have to go anywhere and can practice in the comfort of your bedroom.

Here’s where things get interesting – meditation at its core is essentially brain training, or working out your brain the same way you’d work out any other muscle group.  In order to be successful at brain training, you need to be working out regularly (i.e. develop a regular meditation practice) or you won’t see full results. The tricky thing about building new habits is: it’s really hard.  

Are you someone who’s already tried a few different apps and haven’t been able to start a consistent practice? 

You’re not alone. Meditation is HARD and for many, confusing even with a gentle voice guiding you.  One of the reasons we developed the Muse headband in combination with the Muse app is to help people take the guesswork out of meditation, by using live feedback so they know what’s going on in their head while they meditate – essentially acting as your personal meditation assistant.

Finding Daily Calm: The Best Meditation Apps & Tools For Your Needs 

While a wide range of meditation apps exist on the market, there are three popular apps that are top contenders for unique reasons – Headspace, Muse, and Calm. Whether you’re a beginner that prefers guided meditation or someone more advanced looking to deepen your practice, you’ll find your needs met with one of the options above.

The brief guide below will help you review each offer and find the best app for you:



What is the Headspace meditation app?

best meditation app, subscription cost headspace, refund headspace, pricing headspaceThe Headspace app contains a library of guided meditation sessions that are simple to follow, with the overarching goal to make meditation accessible to everyone.  There are specific programs such as meditation for sleep, work, stress, anxiety and focus that you can access with a paid subscription – unfortunately, you need to complete one pack first before switching around. With a subscription, there are also SOS meditations for when you need to take a quick breather that are three minutes each.

If you don’t like Andy P’s voice, you may be sorely disappointed with only having access to his voice alone for your guided meditation sessions.

Note: if you have Spotify, you can listen to some free samples of Headspace guided meditation, ranging from a “mindful breakfast”, to “how to sit” and even “an early morning hike”.

best meditation app, headspace cost, headspace subscription, pricing headspace

Who is Headspace good for? Beginners.

This is a great app for absolute beginners to meditation, who may not even see the point of mindfulness or meditation just yet. The Headspace app oversimplifies meditation, which ensures that it is not too demanding for users and also adds cute animations to brighten up the user experience.

Opt for Headspace is you are reluctant to try meditation and would like a gentle introduction.

Headspace free trial:

instead of a free trial period, Headspace offers lifetime access to a specific set of limited free content.
This includes:

  • Basics (ten sessions – once you’ve done these, you can go back and do any of them again, but to access any other content, you need a subscription.)
  • Breathe Mini
  • 1 session from the most popular pack in each series
  • Singles Introductions
  • Everyday Headspace (3 sessions)
  • Add up to five friends as meditation buddies, and view each other’s stats.

You can also review some of your meditation stats such as the average amount of time you meditate, the total number of sessions you’ve done, your total time meditating with the app, and how long of a streak you’ve kept up. To unlock more content you have to subscribe.

subscription cost headspace, headspace price, pricing headspace, best meditation app
Image via www.headspace.com

Headspace subscription cost: $12.99-$399.00

$12.99/month, $95.88/year, $399.99 for lifetime subscription.

Headspace Refund and cancellation:

New subscribers are entitled to a full refund within 7 days after purchase for subscriptions that are longer than one month. Subscription automatically renews unless cancelled. It can be cancelled at any time without early termination fees and does offer a money back guarantee.

MUSE: the brain sensing headband & app

What is the Muse: the brain-sensing headband and its app?

best meditation app, subscription cost calm, refund calm, pricing calm Muse is different to all other meditation apps on the market – it’s a smartphone app and a brain-sensing headband that tracks your brainwaves and gives you live audio feedback while you meditate through the app. In fact, it’s the first tool in the world that can give you accurate, real-time feedback on what’s happening in your brain while you meditate.

Muse provides feedback by translating your brain signals into guiding sounds, such as wind, rain, or gentle ocean waves.

For example, when your mind is calm and settled, you hear calm and settled winds. When your mind is active the winds will pick up and blow.

After each session, you’ll see how you did with easy charts showing how much time your mind spend in active, calm, and neutral states. You can track your progress over time, complete challenges, and earn points to stay engaged and on track.  

Muse’s whole approach revolves around helping you find what type of guidance works best for you.  Instead of having several different guided meditation sessions telling you what to do, we offer different techniques to try to see what guidance works best for you personally through the real-time feedback.

Don’t want a headband? You can still download and use the Muse app for free with no headband to access simple guided meditations and nature soundtracks.
best meditation app, refund headspace, pricing headspace, subscription cost headspace

Who is Muse good for? Absolute beginners to advanced meditators. 

Whether you are a beginner or more advanced, Muse is ideal for anyone who is committed to building an effective meditation practice and is motivated to train their brain and develop a consistent and satisfying meditation practice.

Muse app subscription cost: Free

There is no ongoing subscription fee to use the app. You can download and use the Muse app with no headband to access simple guided meditations and nature soundtracks.  If you’re interested in using the app with the headband you simply make a one-time payment of $249 for the headband.

Muse free trial:

The Muse app is 100% free to download, and the Muse headband comes with a 30-day money-back guarantee

Refund and cancellation:

Same as above, return within 30 days for a full refund if you are not satisfied with your purchase.


What is the Calm app?

best meditation app, subscription cost calm, refund calm, pricing calm


The Calm app is not specific to meditation – it provides three main options on the home screen to help you calm down: music, meditation and sleep stories (yes, actual bedtime stories!)

Similar to Headspace, the Calm app provides specific programs for stress, happiness, sleep, focus and more.  Calm also has a decent variety of different instructors to allow you to see what voices and content resonate with your individual preference. 


It also allows you to tailor your experience based on the following goals:

  • Develop gratitude
  • Better sleep
  • Reduce stress
  • Reduce anxiety
  • Increase self-esteem
  • Increase happiness
  • Improve focus
  • Learn to meditate

best meditation app, subscription cost calm, refund calm, pricing calm

Who is Calm good for? Beginners to intermediate.

The Calm app is ideal for beginners, who are new to meditation and mindfulness. However, it can be used by intermediate and advanced meditators as well.

Calm app free trial:

7 days of access to a limited library of sleep stories, meditation programs and music. The ‘masterclass’ tab is not available in the trial and unlocked with a premium pass.

best meditation app, subscription cost calm, refund calm, pricing calm best meditation app, subscription cost calm, refund calm, pricing calm
image via www.calm.com

Calm app subscription cost:

$12.99/month, $59.99/year and $299.99 for a lifetime subscription.

Calm app refund and cancellation:

You must cancel your monthly or yearly Subscription before it renews to avoid the billing of the fees for the next subscription period. According to Calm.com’s terms of service, refunds are not available for the fees that are already paid in the current subscription period and all payments made are non-refundable and non-transferable.

So, What’s The Best Meditation App For You?

  • If you’re new to meditation and looking to learn the basics, the Headspace app is for you.
  • If you’re looking for more than just meditation and would enjoy relaxing bedtime stories and music as well, the Calm app is for you.
  • If you’re a beginner or intermediate looking to quickly develop meditation as a habit and are serious about training your mind for less stress and anxiety, the Muse headband and app is for you. 


Muse Makes Meditation Easy. 

Stop guessing if you’re doing it right — start tracking your progress and reaching your goals.

best meditation app, subscription cost headspace, refund headspace, pricing headspace


  1. Wieczner, J. (2016). http://fortune.com. [online] Fortune. Available at: http://fortune.com/2016/03/12/meditation-mindfulness-apps/ [Accessed 1 Jun. 2018].
  2. Gladding, R. (2013). This is your brain on meditation. [online] Psychology Today. Available at: https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/use-your-mind-change-your-brain/201305/is-your-brain-meditation  [Accessed 24 Apr. 2018].
  3. Moore, A., Gruber, T., Derose, J. and Malinowski, P. (2012). Regular, brief mindfulness meditation practice improves electrophysiological markers of attentional control. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6.
  4. National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. (n.d.). Meditation: In Depth. [online] Available at: https://nccih.nih.gov/health/meditation/overview.htm#hed3 [Accessed 1 Jun. 2018].

Experience the Muse Meditation Cave

Ever wondered what it feels like to light up a cave with the gentle glow of your own brainwaves? Using our Muse: the brain-sensing headbands and Nanoleaf light panels, we created an out-of-this-world meditation experience for Nature Nocturne and the Canadian Museum of Nature for their special BRAIN: The inside story exhibit.

The Brain exhibit focused around 21st-century research and technology and offered a new perspective and keen insight into the complexity of the brain as a remarkable organ, how it has evolved, and how you have the power to enhance your own brain.

Exhibit explorers entered into the Muse mediation cave and were able to experience firsthand a visual and auditory experience like no other.  Participants in the group meditation sat around a glowing Nanoleaf panelled pyramid that directly responded to their own brainwaves through their Muse headband. As they started to meditate, both the gentle sounds of rain as well as the colourful glow of the panels filled the dimly lit cave.

The volume of the rain, the sounds of birds chirping, and the fluctuations in the panel colours reflected how calm and focused they were able to be.


muse mediation, meditation


muse meditation, meditation

After the meditation, users were then able to reflect and compare their sessions as monitored from the Muse headbands to see how long they were able to remain in the different mental states of calm, neutral, and active.

Interested in experiencing Muse at home for yourself? Learn more here.  Interested in having Muse come to your wellness space for an unforgettable mindful tech experience?  Send us a note at press@interaxon.ca.

Your Brain on Depression & How Meditation Can Help

In an era of Instagram highlight reels and ‘Top 30 under 30’ articles exploding over social media, it can often feel like everyone around you is living a happy, fulfilled life. Statistics however, reveal a different story: a staggering 1 in 5 people in North America are suffering with a mental health condition. (1,2) In fact, depression has been labelled as the leading cause of disability worldwide by the World Health Organization. (3)

Some of the most common treatments used to combat depression are antidepressant medications, but for many sufferers, antidepressants are only marginally effective (or not effective at all). Interestingly, some research has shown that meditation can be effective in alleviating some symptoms of depression. (4)

In order to understand how chronic depression affects the brain, it is important to briefly learn about the four areas of the brain that can be affected:

  1. The Anterior Cingulate Cortex:  involved in decision making, emotional regulation, as well as regulation of physiological processes, such as blood pressure and heart rate. It’s also interesting to note that some researchers argue that a part of the anterior cingulate cortex – the supracallosal region – might represent the experience of sadness based on previous imaging studies.
  2. Lateral Prefrontal Cortex: responsible for regulating emotional responses and helping a person be more logical and rational.  
  3. Medial Prefrontal Cortex: self-referencing centre of the brain, that processes personal perspective and experiences, and tends to respond strongly to any personal attacks.
  4. Insula: This monitors bodily sensations and guides how strongly a person will respond to them; it is also involved in feeling empathy.
  5. Amygdala i.e. “the fear centre”. This is where the “fight or flight” response lives, and is responsible for initial emotional reactions such as anger and fear.

meditation for depression, meditation and depression, natural treatment for depression

The Depressed Brain

So, what actually happens on a physical level to a chronically depressed brain?


A recent study published in February of this year from CAMH showed that people with longer periods of untreated depression, lasting more than a decade, had significantly more brain inflammation compared to those who had less than 10 years of untreated depression. The study involved 25 people with more than 10 years of depression, 25 with less than 10 years of illness, and 30 people with no depression as a comparison group. All were evaluated with positron emission tomography scans (PET scans) to locate a specific type of protein that results from the brain’s inflammatory response to injury or illness. (5)  

According to senior author Dr. Jeff Meyer, who also holds a Canada Research Chair in the Neurochemistry of Major Depression,  this study provides “the first biological evidence for large brain changes in long-lasting depression, suggesting that it is a different stage of illness that needs different therapeutics – the same perspective taken for early and later stages of Alzheimer’s disease.”

In an excerpt from the original article from CAMH, he continues to say that “greater inflammation in the brain is a common response with degenerative brain diseases as they progress, such as with Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease.”  While depression is not considered a degenerative brain disease, the change in inflammation shows that, for those in whom depression persists, it may be progressive and not a static condition.

meditation for depression, meditation and depression, natural treatment for depression

White Matter & Structural Change:

In a 2017 study of more than 3000 people – the largest of its type to date – alterations were found in parts of the brain known as white matter.  White matter, which lies beneath the gray matter cortex, is composed of millions of bundles of axons (nerve fibres) that connect neurons in different brain regions into functional circuits.

White matter pathways play an important role in the human brain by connecting spatially separated areas of the CNS and enabling rapid and efficient information exchange between them. Disruption of white matter has been linked to problems with simple motor performance, cognitive abilities, complex linguistic faculties, and emotion processing. (6)

Scientists at the University of Edinburgh used a cutting-edge technique known as diffusion tensor imaging to map the structure of white matter. A quality of the matter  (known as white matter integrity) was reduced in people who reported symptoms indicative of depression.

Furthermore, research suggests that the amygdala (the “fear centre”) becomes even more active in depressive illness and repeated stress can enlarge the amygdala further. This can also lead to the abnormal secretion of other hormones and chemicals, which can, in turn, affect many systems in the body including sleep patterns and physical activity. (7)

Furthermore, the prefrontal cortex – including both the medial and lateral prefrontal cortex – are more likely to shrink with depression. This means depressed people may have a harder time approaching a situation from a logical perspective, and may have a more emotional response.

 meditation for depression, meditation and depression, natural treatment for depression

Meditation for Depression: Your Brain on Meditation

It’s important to note that currently, we don’t have definitive research to show the direct reversal of the above issues with meditation alone.  That being said, we do know that meditation has the potential to create several positive structural and physiological changes that could help combat depression.   

Immune System:  

Knowing that patients that suffer chronic depression have heightened inflammation in their brains, researchers have looked at the biomarkers for the immune system in individuals that practise meditation. They found that increased meditation practice is correlated with reduced stress-related biomarkers for the participants who were engaged in longer-than-median meditation practise times.

Grey Matter:

As described in our previous post  – 6 ways meditation can change the brain – regular meditators have significantly larger volumes of gray matter in the regions of the brain most associated with positive emotions. So, not only can meditation increase your grey matter volume, but it can also improve your ability to remain positive in the process.

White Matter:

Research has seen improvements in white matter and connectivity as well.  A 2010 study found improvements in white matter after four weeks of meditation training specifically in the anterior cingulate cortex – which is known to be involved in controlling cognition, and emotion – potentially specific to sadness. (10)

A large meta-analysis of 123 studies showed consistent positive differences in prefrontal cortex and body awareness regions. After reviewing all results, consistent and medium-sized brain structure differences were suggested.  In another study done in individuals suffering from Parkinson’s Disease, they found that an eight-week mindfulness-based intervention increased grey matter density in several areas of the brain compared to a control group receiving usual care.

Mood & Attitude:

On top of increasing grey matter and a positive mental attitude, Mark Williams, professor of clinical psychology at the University of Oxford and leader of the team that developed MBCT stated in a Psychology today article that “one of the key features of depression is that it hijacks your attention,” says Professor Williams. “We all tend to bring to the forefront of our minds the thoughts and feelings that reflect our current mood. If you are sad, depressed or anxious, then you tend to remember the bad things that have happened to you and not the good. This drives you into a downward spiral that leads from sadness into a deeper depression.”  

Similar to patients suffering from anxiety, individuals suffering from depression can get stuck in the habit of something known as “experiential avoidance” or the want to avoid negative feelings/emotions/situations.  Patients with depression often have a tendency to think negatively about past experiences, one’s self, or the future. A consistent meditation practice may be able to help shift away from the “downward spiral” by bringing more attention to the present moment.

With practice, the ability to become more present and less emotionally reactive can help reduce common symptoms such as constant rumination, distorted thoughts, difficulty concentrating, and negative self-talk.

meditation for depression, meditation and depression, natural treatment for depression

Meditation: A Safe & Natural Treatment For Depression?

In a study conducted by University of Exeter in the UK, the research team recruited 424 adult patients with a history of three or more major depressive episodes who were also on a therapeutic dose of maintenance antidepressants. Half of the patients were kept on antidepressants, and the remainder received meditation training instead. The team found that meditation was just as effective as antidepressant medication in preventing a relapse or recurrence. (4)

It’s not just a case of one isolated study either – a systematic review of 47 trials published in JAMA Internal Medicine revealed that meditation can help manage anxiety, depression, and pain within training periods of just 8 weeks or less. (8)

In comparing the efficacy of antidepressants against meditation, Professor Willem Kuyken, from the Mood Disorders Centre of the University of Exeter in the UK states: “While they’re [antidepressants] very effective in helping reduce the symptoms of depression when people come off them, they are particularly vulnerable to relapse.”

Fortunately, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) – a specific form of meditation – helps prevent this relapse by training the mind not to fall into a deeper depression. (9) Meditation also has the added benefits of zero side-effects.

How To Get Started with Meditation

As the research has shown, meditation isn’t just spiritual fluff – it’s firmly rooted in science and as you’ve read above, has the power to change the physical structure of the brain, even for those suffering from depression.

A great place to start if you’ve never meditated before is with the free Muse App to help get you started with a guided meditation for beginners. Taking things a step further, when you use the combination of the Muse headband and the Muse app you’ll get real-time feedback on what’s happening in your brain while you meditate prompting you to focus while rewarding your moments of calm. While you meditate, you’ll hear gentle ocean waves or rainforest rainfall get progressively louder as your mind drifts, signalling you to bring your attention back to your breath.  This makes building a consistent practice of focused attention meditation faster, easier, and more enjoyable.

Learn more >


It’s also important to note that if you have been diagnosed with clinical depression, or think you may have clinical depression and are undiagnosed that it’s important to work with a trained health care professional to make sure you’re getting the proper care you need.


  1. 1. CMHA National. (2018). Fast Facts about Mental Illness – CMHA National. [online] Available at: https://cmha.ca/about-cmha/fast-facts-about-mental-illness [Accessed 23 Feb. 2018].
  2. 2. Nami.org. (2018). Mental Health By the Numbers | NAMI: National Alliance on Mental Illness. [online] Available at: https://www.nami.org/learn-more/mental-health-by-the-numbers [Accessed 23 Feb. 2018].
  3. World Health Organization. (2018). Depression. [online] Available at: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs369/en/ [Accessed 13 Mar. 2018].  
  4. Kuyken, W., Hayes, R., Barrett, B., Byng, R., Dalgleish, T., Kessler, D., Lewis, G., Watkins, E., Morant, N., Taylor, R. and Byford, S. (2015). The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy compared with maintenance antidepressant treatment in the prevention of depressive relapse/recurrence: results of a randomized controlled trial (the PREVENT study). Health Technology Assessment, [online] 19(73), pp.1-124. Available at: http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2814%2962222-4/abstract [Accessed 13 Mar. 2018].
  5. Association of translocator protein total distribution volume with duration of untreated major depressive disorder: a cross-sectional study. Setiawan E., Attwells S., Wilson A.A., Mizrahi R., Rusjan P.M., Miler L., Xu C.,(…), Meyer J.H. (2018)  The Lancet Psychiatry, 5 (4) , pp. 339-347.
  6. Xueyi Shen, Lianne M. Reus, Simon R. Cox, Mark J. Adams, David C. Liewald, Mark E. Bastin, Daniel J. Smith, Ian J. Deary, Heather C. Whalley, Andrew M. McIntosh. Subcortical volume and white matter integrity abnormalities in major depressive disorder: findings from UK Biobank imaging data. Scientific Reports, 2017; 7 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-05507-6
  7. Psychology Today. (2018). Curing Depression with Mindfulness Meditation. [online] Available at: https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/mindfulness-in-frantic-world/201110/curing-depression-mindfulness-meditation [Accessed 13 Mar. 2018].
  8. Goyal, M., Singh, S., Sibinga, E., Gould, N., Rowland-Seymour, A., Sharma, R., Berger, Z., Sleicher, D., Maron, D., Shihab, H., Ranasinghe, P., Linn, S., Saha, S., Bass, E., Haythornthwaite, J. and Cramer, H. (2014). Meditation Programs for Psychological Stress and Well-being: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Akupunktur, [online] 57(3), pp.26-27. Available at: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/1809754.
  9. Psychology Today. (2018). This Is Your Brain on Meditation. [online] Available at: https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/use-your-mind-change-your-brain/201305/is-your-brain-meditation [Accessed 13 Mar. 2018].
  10. Tang et al. (2010). Short-term meditation induces white matter changes in the anterior cingulate Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(35), 15649-52 .
  11. McEwen, B.S. Mood disorders and allostatic load. Biol. Psychiat. 54, 200207 (2003).

Why can’t I sleep? How to sleep better with sleep hygiene & meditation

With dramatic headlines such as “Catastrophic sleep-loss epidemic” emerging more frequently, the need to start taking sleep seriously is quickly becoming a hot topic.

In an interview with the Guardian, Professor Matthew Walker, director of the Centre for Human Sleep Science at the University of California, Berkeley, said that sleep deprivation affected “every aspect of our biology” and was widespread in modern society. And yet the problem was not being taken seriously by politicians and employers, with a desire to get a decent night’s sleep often stigmatized as a sign of laziness, he said.

According to the American Sleep Association, 50-70 million US adults have a sleep disorder with insomnia being recognized as the most prevalent sleep disorder, afflicting approximately 9% to 20% of the adult population (1). On top of that, the CDC has reported that 1 in 3 adults don’t get enough sleep overall.  Fortunately, this exhausting cycle can be broken by implementing some new habits that can help train your mind and body for a more restful sleep.

sleep meditation, meditation for sleep, sleep help

Why Can’t I Sleep?

The answer to better sleep isn’t always as simple as getting in 7-8 hours per night. How many times have you gone to bed at a reasonable hour only to wake up the next morning having to drag yourself out of bed? You could have a full 8 hours of sleep, but still wake up feeling exhausted or not well rested if the quality of your sleep is poor, or if you’ve run into sleep deficit.  

To improve sleep quality, you have to address the two main areas below:

1. Psychological Factors

It is hard to sleep when your head is buzzing and preoccupied. Are ruminating thoughts about family, finances, health, or deadlines circulating endlessly through your mind? Feeling worried or nervous on a consistent basis can interfere with sleep quality.

A few anxiety-related symptoms that can lead to insomnia and sleep disturbance include:

  • Preoccupation with thoughts about past and future events
  • Feeling overwhelmed by responsibilities and upcoming events
  • A general feeling of overstimulation

In the overstimulated world we live in, shutting our minds off in the evening is extremely difficult. Psychological factors such as stress, anxiety, and depression can have a large impact on sleep.  While stress and mild anxiety can be usually handled at home if it is more severe or you are struggling to get a handle on things speaking to a healthcare practitioner as your starting point.

2. Poor Sleep Hygiene & Lifestyle Factors

Sleep hygiene refers to a set of best practices that are essential for good quality sleep. In contrast, poor sleep hygiene refers to lifestyle habits that are the opposite, and encourage poor sleep quality and sleep disorders.

For example, how often do you watch Netflix before bed or scroll through Instagram for 30 minutes in the dark? While these activities may seem relaxing and innocent, screens before bed can interfere with the sleep hormone melatonin from being released in sufficient amounts.

sleep meditation, meditation for sleep, sleep help

How To Sleep Better

Sleep Hygiene 101

Before you think about taking a natural sleep aid or indulging in a cup of herbal “sleep” tea, you need to make sure you’ve covered your bases with these best practices:

  1. Sleep in complete darkness: The sleep hormone, melatonin, is produced in the absence of light. So when the brain picks up on light in the evening, it automatically assumes it’s still daytime and therefore slows down production of melatonin. Whoops! Turn off all the lights, or wear an eye mask to bed.
  2. Turn off screens 1 hour before: In addition to the light from a screen, melatonin production also declines if cortisol, the daytime stress hormone, is still elevated due to activities like texting or watching TV. Instead, try to read a book, journal or meditate to wind down.
  3. Have an early dinner: eating late or having a very heavy meal for dinner can lead to acid reflux, indigestion and can upset blood sugar balance – all of which lead to sleep interruptions or disturbances.
  4. Go to bed by 10 pm: the deepest and most restorative sleep happens from 10pm-2am, so try to tuck in before 11 pm at the latest. If you’re not sleepy, aim to get in at least 20-30 minutes of exercise during the daytime to encourage an earlier bedtime.
  5. Check the temperature: Feel too hot or cold at night? Research shows that the ideal temperature is between 15 and 19 degrees Celsius, or 60 and 67 degrees Fahrenheit. (2) (3)
  6. Keep caffeine in check: we all metabolize caffeine at different speeds, but ideally, try not to have this after lunchtime!

sleep meditation, meditation for sleep, sleep help

Meditation for Sleep: The Winning Solution

Let’s say you practice excellent sleep hygiene, but you’re still lying awake at night or feeling tired in the morning. That’s a cue to turn your attention to address underlying psychological factors, such as stress and anxiety.

Of course, simply trying to “stress less” or “be less anxious” doesn’t really work, in fact it can do the opposite! This is where meditation comes in; it provides a far more structured approach for calming the mind in the long run, with no negative side effects. Not only does meditation ease stress, but research confirms it can also reduce anxiety, depression and pain. (4)

Furthermore, another study showed meditation’s positive impact in terms of mitigating the effects of insomnia. In this trial, patients were split into two groups: one received training on a standardized mindfulness awareness program (MAP) and the other received sleep hygiene education (SHE). Interestingly, the MAPs group did significantly better than the SHE group for insomnia, depression symptoms and fatigue. This reveals that while sleep hygiene is important, meditation could be even more effective. (5)

Sleep Meditation: How It Works

Over the years, neuroscientists have discovered that meditation can physically change and rewire the brain. When it comes to sleep in particular, meditation has the ability to thicken and build up the pons region of the brain, which produces melatonin and also serves as the on and off switch to restorative REM sleep.(6) Any weakness in the pons region prevents the brain from getting deep, restful sleep, and building it up does the opposite.

Secondly, meditation has the ability to weaken neural connections linked to fear, emotional stress and anxiety, and strengthen neural connections that promote rational thought. (7)

The most amazing finding? It only took researchers 8 weeks to start seeing positive changes in the brain.  

How To Get Started With Meditation for Sleep

If you are a beginner to meditation, start with focused meditation. This calls for an object to be the centre of your focus (or an anchor) to help drive all other thoughts away.  Gently as your thoughts start to drift your anchor acts as a reminder to slowly bring your attention back.

To get in the habit, try guided meditation sessions with an app like Muse; this will make the process easier and more enjoyable. The Muse app also comes with a brain-sensing headband that will analyze your brainwaves to help you keep track of your progress, and provide valuable insights.

Start with three minutes per day, and then build up to longer sessions if you want. Make it a consistent habit and you should notice an impact on your sleep within just a few weeks!

sleep meditation, meditation for sleep, sleep help


Related Articles:


  1. Prevalence and perceived health associated with insomnia based on DSM-IV-TR; International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision; and Research Diagnostic Criteria/International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Second Edition criteria: results from the America Insomnia Survey.
    Roth T, Coulouvrat C, Hajak G, Lakoma MD, Sampson NA, Shahly V, Shillington AC, Stephenson JJ, Walsh JK, Kessler RC Biol Psychiatry. 2011 Mar 15; 69(6):592-600.
  2. Onen SH, Onen F, Bailly D, Parquet P. Prevention and treatment of sleep disorders through regulation of sleeping habits. Presse Med.1994; Mar 12; 23(10): 485-9.
  3. National Sleep Foundation: The Sleep Environment
  4. Goyal, M., Singh, S., Sibinga, E., Gould, N., Rowland-Seymour, A., Sharma, R., Berger, Z., Sleicher, D., Maron, D., Shihab, H., Ranasinghe, P., Linn, S., Saha, S., Bass, E. and Haythornthwaite, J. (2014). Meditation Programs for Psychological Stress and Well-being. JAMA Internal Medicine, [online] 174(3), p.357. Available at: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/1809754 [Accessed 26 Mar. 2018].
  5. Black, D., O’Reilly, G., Olmstead, R., Breen, E. and Irwin, M. (2015). Mindfulness Meditation and Improvement in Sleep Quality and Daytime Impairment Among Older Adults With Sleep Disturbances. JAMA Internal Medicine, [online] 175(4), p.494. Available at: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/2110998  [Accessed 26 Mar. 2018].
  6. Schulte, B. and Schulte, B. (2018). Harvard neuroscientist: Meditation not only reduces stress, here’s how it changes your brain. [online] Washington Post. Available at: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/inspired-life/wp/2015/05/26/harvard-neuroscientist-meditation-not-only-reduces-stress-it-literally-changes-your-brain/?utm_term=.9a451504f541 [Accessed 26 Mar. 2018].
  7. Psychology Today. (2018). This Is Your Brain on Meditation. [online] Available at: https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/use-your-mind-change-your-brain/201305/is-your-brain-meditation [Accessed 13 Mar. 2018].
  8. Scientific American. (2018). What is the function of the various brainwaves?. [online] Available at: https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/what-is-the-function-of-t-1997-12-22/ [Accessed 26 Feb. 2018].